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CRPF History in Tripura State

Sector Overview – CRPF’s History in Tripura Sector

In June 1980, Tripura State witnessed widespread ethnic riots, resulting in the tragic loss of over 1300 lives among tribal and non-tribal communities. The turmoil also led to extensive arson and property damage. In response to the security challenges arising from these events, the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) was initially deployed in the state during the latter half of the 1980s. The CRPF played a pivotal role in restoring normalcy in Tripura State.

Recognizing the need for enhanced operational control, the position of DIG(Ops) Agartala was established on December 10, 1980, through the Government of India Ministry of Home Affairs order No. O.IV-30/80-Estt.(Org) CRPF-(FP-IV). This position was tasked with exercising operational control and command over the CRPF units deployed in the state. With the Force's expansion and the escalation of insurgent activities in Tripura, the position of IGP(Ops), Tripura was sanctioned on December 16, 1997, under the MHA GOI order No. O.IV-40/97-Org-PF-IV.

As normalcy was gradually restored, the Ops Sector transformed the Administrative Sector, as per the Government of India Ministry of Home Affairs order No. O.IV-10/2002(Org)/MHA/PF-II dated September 14, 2004. The IGP Tripura Sector currently holds operational control over Tripura and Mizoram, encompassing the Agartala Range, 71 Bn, 124 Bn, 140 Bn, and 225 Bn. Additionally, the IGP exercises administrative control over the Agartala Range, Group Centre Agartala, and various units, including the 09, 24, 71, 124, and 189 Bns.

Enchanting Tripura: A State of Abundant Resources

Nestled in the northeastern part of India, Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh to the north, west, south, and southeast, while sharing its eastern border with Assam and Mizoram. Boasting favorable climatic conditions for the cultivation of diverse fruit and horticultural crops, the state is abundant in natural resources, including natural gas, rubber, tea, and medicinal plants.

Tripura stands out for its rich bamboo resources, ranking as the second-largest natural rubber producer in the country after Kerala, with an impressive production of 37,277 million tonnes in FY 15. The state contributes approximately 6 percent of the bamboo sticks used for crafting incense sticks in India, cultivating 21 out of the 130 bamboo species known in the country.

Recognized for its robust tea plantation base, Tripura hosts 58 tea gardens covering over 6,400 hectares as of 2014-15, known for the distinctive blending qualities of its tea. Additionally, the state is blessed with natural gas deposits, glass sands, limestone, plastic clay, and hard rock, boasting a total installed power generation capacity of 676.5 megawatts as of January 2016.

Beyond its economic prowess, Tripura beckons tourists with its delightful climate and scenic landscapes, featuring historical Hindu and Buddhist sites, temples, rivers, and rock carvings. The state has witnessed a remarkable compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 50.4 percent in foreign tourist visits from 2010-11 to 2014-15.

Tripura's agricultural landscape thrives with the cultivation of various crops, including rice, jackfruit, pineapple, potato, sugarcane, and chili, complemented by a wide variety of medicinal plants. With an impressive literacy rate of 87.8 percent, exceeding the national average, the state emerges as an ideal destination for knowledge-based sectors.

To further promote economic growth, Tripura offers a range of fiscal and policy incentives under the Tripura Industrial Investment Promotion Incentive Scheme, 2012. The development of infrastructure, enhanced rail and air connectivity, and the establishment of trade routes have facilitated trade, contributing to the overall prosperity of the state.

Latest Developments

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India have inked a loan agreement amounting to US$ 80 million, constituting the third tranche of a US$ 200 million financing facility within the North Eastern Region Capital Cities Development Investment Program. This funding will be directed towards enhancing water supply, solid waste management, and sanitation in Agartala and Aizawl, the respective capital cities of Tripura and Mizoram.

Simultaneously, the Airports Authority of India (AAI) has earmarked Rs 450 crore (US$ 68 million) for the upgrade of Agartala airport in Tripura to international standards. The completion of this project is anticipated by the year 2016.

Fact File


Geographical Area (sq km):

State Language:

Literacy Rate:

Key Industries:



Bengali, Kokborok/ Tripuri and English

87.8 per cent

Natural gas, food processing, rubber, tea, bamboo,